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A recent study in the journal Land published by scientists at the US Geological Survey and the University of California, Santa Cruz used ST-Sim to forecast future water demand associated with land use in the ground water dependent California Central Coast region.  The study found that even with recently introduced zoning restrictions on development, annual water demand is expected to increase substantially.  These increases are associated with increases in the amount of land allocated towards orchards and vineyards in the region. The current rate of increase in perennial cropland can lead to a doubling or tripling of perennial water demand by 2100.